Welcoming Refugees…

pattersonroee-ceu-1016I have been blessed with a sabbatical from teaching at Malone University this semester to work in refugee resettlement with World Relief in Akron, Ohio. I have always had a heart for international people and have worked abroad as an international social worker, but my passion for working with those who come to our country as refugees here in the U.S. increased when I heard people express concern and fear towards welcoming refugees into our country. I believe it is important to acknowledge people’s genuine fear, but at the same time, it is vital to fulfill our calling as Christians to love our foreign neighbor and share the truth about how refugees are actually benefiting our communities, rather than hurting them.

As social workers and Christians, we have an ethical responsibility to serve and empower the most vulnerable in our community and world. Scripture also points us to the importance of serving the foreigner amongst us. Leviticus 19:33 says to love the foreigner who resides among you as yourself. Malachi 3:5 warns us to not deprive the oppressed – including foreigners – of justice. The passage on the sheep and the goats in Mathew 25:25-36 reminds us that that when we are inviting the stranger in, we are serving Christ. It also contains a stern warning that if we do not show love to the foreigner, the poor, and the prisoner, then we are not invited into God’s kingdom. As a Christian, I believe that the numerous scriptural commands about loving foreigners should be enough to compel us to love and welcome refugees. However,  due to the fears that exist for some about refugees at the current time, it is also important to know some facts about refugee resettlement.

People who have refugee status typically would prefer not to leave their country of origin, but have been forced to flee their country due to persecution, war, and/or violence. The U.S. has an extremely rigorous vetting process that refugees are required to undergo before they enter the country – a two year process for most refugees [1] [2].  Refugees are eligible for 8 months of government refugee assistance, which is $420/month for a family of two in Ohio. They must pay rent with this money, along with other everyday expenses [3]. People who immigrate as refugees also have to begin paying back the cost for their plane tickets six months after their arrival in the US [4]. Refugee resettlement agencies help working age refugees find employment, typically within the first 30 – 60 days. Economic impact studies have shown that refugees contribute much more to the US economy than they are given. People who came to the U.S. as refugees contribute to our economy through paying taxes, social security, purchasing homes, etc. They are more likely to start businesses than native born Americans, and in such cases, often create new jobs for others.

Isaiah 58: 10-12 promises that if we “do away with the yoke of oppression, with the pointing finger and malicious talk, and if [we] spend [our]selves on behalf of the hungry and satisfy the needs of the oppressed,” not only we will be renewed, but our cities will be renewed as well. Research has shown that when we welcome refugees into communities that have been devastated by economic downturn, community renewal often comes to pass. One example is reported in an economic impact study of refugees in Cleveland, Ohio. In 2013, $4.8 million was invested in refugee resettlement, but refugees contributed $48 million back into the economy that same year [5] and continue to return back to into the economy more and more the longer they are here. These facts inform us that by welcoming  refugees, we are actually benefiting our communities as well.

As followers of Christ, we should serve refugees because it is part of our calling as Christians. As social workers, we have an opportunity to share the truth about the societal benefits refugees bring to our communities, and to use our gifts to empower them to be all that God intended them to be.

World Relief’s mission is “Empowering the local Church to serve the most vulnerable.” As part of my sabbatical working with World Relief Akron, I am doing research to help them develop an empowering anti-oppressive model of refugee resettlement.  Onepattersonroee-samuel-1016 way that World Relief Akron has  already been working toward this model was by hiring Samuel Sinchuri as a case specialist. Samuel is a Nepali Bhutanese pastor who came to the U.S. as a refugee himself. He believes that there is great opportunity for American churches and immigrant/refugee churches to work together to empower refugees. Samuel reminds us that:

“God has many American people traveling to other countries, but God has brought different countries here… God has brought people here, so if the American churches and refugee churches work together we can reach them spiritually and we can help them physically also, equipping them and encouraging them… that is one of my prayers.”

I also pray that we would love our refugee neighbors as ourselves. By doing this, we fulfill Christ’s calling to serve individuals, our community, and the world.

For more information on World Relief’s refugee work, visit http://www.worldrelief.org/us-offices.

Elizabeth Patterson Roe, PhD, LISW-S, is an associate professor of social work at Malone University. She also teaches within the Global and International Studies Program. Her areas of research and service are international social work, study abroad, and urban and international community development. Prior to teaching at Malone University, Elizabeth served in Romania as the coordinator of social services for Veritas Sighisoara. Elizabeth has been a member of NACSW since 2000.


[1] https://www.uscis.gov/refugeescreening

[2] https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2015/11/20/infographic-screening-process-refugee-entry-united-states

[3] https://www.dshs.wa.gov/esa/community-services-offices/refugee-cash-assistance

[4] http://www.uscripayments.org/

[5] http://www.hias.org/sites/default/files/clevelandrefugeeeconomic-impact.pdf

Christ at the Intersection of Faith and Practice

HenleyMCEU0815As I was pondering what exactly to write for this blog, it occurred to me that the very name of our blog, “Shared Grace,” captures the essence of this entry.

Most of us who are members of NACSW or are considering membership realize that there is something different about this association in comparison to some of the others of which we are also members.  That something is our love of Christ and our ability to explore ways to ethically integrate faith and practice.

Social work as a profession closely aligns with Christian principles. We see evidence of this in our core professional values and in Scripture. There are countless examples in Scripture that address values such as service, dignity, the worth of the person, and the importance of human relationships. Take, for example, Acts 20:35 (AMP), which says, “ In everything I showed you [by example] that by working hard in this way you must help the weak and remember the words of the Lord Jesus, that He Himself said, ‘It is more blessed [and brings greater joy] to give than to receive.” In this Scripture we see that we are expected to serve and to treat those we serve with dignity. An example of the value of relationships is found in Ephesians 4:2 (NIV) which says, “Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love.” The Bible is full of examples of how we should see the clients we serve and ultimately how we should show the love of Christ.

Each year, we as members of NACSW look forward to the annual convention for the opportunity to convene in a new city, see old friends, meet new ones and rejuvenate our social work battery pack.  We return to our corners of the social work world and reflect on all that we have learned, determined to implement new techniques and approaches. We look ahead in our calendar to ensure that we will be able to make it to the convention the following year.  But, did we take time to demonstrate our commitment to our values? Did we impact the city we convened in for three or four days? Can it be said that NACSW affected change in the lives of others while we learned innovative techniques for integrating faith and practice? This year we will be able to proudly say, “yes, we did!”

At  NACSW’s Convention 2016 in Cincinnati  we are embarking together on a community service project. We are collaborating with Indiana Wesleyan University to donate care packages to the Emergency Shelter of Northern Kentucky (ESNKY). NACSW members will be asked to bring with them any of the following items to donate for this project: personal sized shampoo, conditioner, soap/body wash, lotion, lip balm/chapstick, toilet paper, toothbrush and paste, deodorant, and/or snacks in a factory sealed container (such as chips, crackers or cookies).

I truly believe that Christ is the true example of the intersection of faith and practice. This is why membership in the NACSW is so valuable to me and why this new endeavor to engage in service as a body is so important. What a ministry and testimony this will be!

For more information on our service project at Convention 2016 in Cincinnati in November, please visit the NACSW website and be sure to sign up for the items that you wish to donate using this link.

As Christians, we often quote the Beatitudes, “Blessed are the poor in spirit, those who mourn, those who hunger and thirst,” but let us remember that Christ mandates us in that same chapter of the book of Matthew to be the “salt of the earth, the light of the world.” I am so excited about this endeavor to share our love for Christ with our brothers and sisters in Cincinnati, and look forward to letting our lights shine, for this is indeed, shared grace.

Melissa E. Henley, LGSW is an Assistant Professor and Director of Field Education at Washington Adventist University in Takoma Park, MD. She is actively involved in her church and other community service organizations. She has been a member of NACSW since 2014.

The Call to Reconciliation

ChristensenA0816CEUThe recent deaths of African-American persons during interactions with police officers has awakened the nation to the persistent racial imbalance in our country. The sheer disregard of life causes me deep anguish and, quite frankly, leaves me with mixed feelings about our country’s moral compass. Close to home, in Dallas, TX, retaliation and more violence was one man’s answer to his doubts. In the face of such horror and violence, to what are we called as Christian social workers and practitioners?

As an African-American woman and macro practitioner, I constantly wrestle with my response to these deadly encounters. Fear and anger rise up swiftly, leaving little room to process. I battle alongside community members to grasp what pervasive death to  brown bodies means for us as a community and as individuals. I have come to the painful, yet joyous, conclusion that as Christians in social work, we must pick up the heavy mantle that the Apostle Paul describes as becoming  ”Ministers of Reconciliation.”

In 2 Corinthians 5:14-20, Paul outlines the call to the Ministry of Reconciliation:

For Christ’s love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died.  And he died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves but for him who died for them and was raised again. So from now on we regard no one from a worldly point of view. Though we once regarded Christ in this way, we do so no longer. Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here! All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation: that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting people’s sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation. We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us.

 As Christians in social work, we are compelled to respond to injustice with the love of Christ. We can easily become calloused when we learn of new tragedies each day, but our hearts must remain soft. We can remain empathetic because we know that God weeps over the injustices in the world (e.g. Isaiah 61, Psalm 103:6).

Further, we no longer view people or events from a worldly perspective. Though the world tells us to point fingers and place blame, we now have the power to withhold judgement and trust God’s justice. Withholding judgment does not equate to silence, but it means allowing the Spirit of God to intervene on our behalf.

Finally, we are not alone in the work of reconciliation. God set the stage for reconciliation when he sent Christ to reconcile the world to the Divine. The blueprint is already drawn.

In this passage, we see both the pain and joy of reconciliation. We are now held to a higher standard of living. Reconciliation demands that we emulate Christ himself, even at the expense of our own feelings. This includes times when we aren’t personally affected by the situations we learn about. Reconciliation also demands that we remain committed to the message of grace and truth. The work of reconciliation is not a one-time, town-hall discussion; it is a slow, methodical process that calls us to commit to the on-going task of reconciliation and to each other.

Social work demands the same. The Code of Ethics requires that we respect the dignity and worth of all people, value the importance of human relationships, embody integrity, service, social justice, and competence — all of which are enhanced by the blood of Christ.

Racial justice will only happen when we believe that reconciliation is truly at the center of God’s heart. We must believe that learning to be a reconciler is a part of His divine plan for our redemption. With that in mind, we can step faithfully into the work of reconciliation with great hope for the future.

Alexis Christensen is a community organizer with Waco Community Development in Waco, TX. She received her Bachelor’s of Political Science and Masters of Social Work from Baylor University. She enjoys reading and traveling the world with her husband. Alexis has been a member of NACSW since 2012.

Just Be

AcostaKLight0716I was going through some of my old journals deciding just what to write, and I kept coming back to the same message: “Just Be”

Having a curious nature, I decided to look up the word “be” in an online dictionary:

Be - ˈbē

  • To exist; to have real existence.

  • To occupy a place.

  • To connect a noun to an adjective that describes it.

So what does it all mean? Verbs are action words. It’s a command to do something. Over and over in my life I was instructed to “just be”. Be good, be faithful, be quiet, and be still – the list goes on and on. What did it mean? How does one simply “be” if you don’t know who you are or where you are supposed to be? The world is full of those who will happily tell you where you should go, what you should do, who you should be friends with. I didn’t know who I was. I had not yet found where I belonged. My question to God was always, “be what?”

One day back in 2003 a dear friend decided I had been cooped up in my house for far too long and needed some fresh air. I was a single mom at the time and it was the weekend my daughter went to spend with her father. I had nothing better to do, and agreed to go on a quiet drive. We had no plans to go anywhere specific, just drive. We ended up near some old abandoned railroad tracks. This was a place my friend liked to go when he needed time to think. While walking along the tracks an old railroad spike caught my eye. It was half buried by sand. I picked it up, brushed it off, and continued to walk, spike in hand. My friend saw this old rusty spike and offered to help me find a better one. I told him no, that this was the one I wanted. He questioned me since the spike I was carrying was obviously an eyesore, and honestly, if it was something one of my kids would have brought home, I would probably have told them to keep it outside. But there was something about this old spike that spoke to my spirit.

That night while sitting alone and feeling sorry for myself because the house was so quiet, a still small voice spoke to me. There was this “something” placed on my heart and words just flooded my head – words I knew needed to come out. So I grabbed paper and pen and began to write. This is what God placed in my heart that summer night.


The Railroad Spike…


Weather Beaten

Tossed aside


No one would have noticed it. It had but one purpose and having been used, was it no longer of any worth? Is this its fate? To be tossed aside and forgotten? Is it over?


This is only the beginning. God sees the end from the beginning.

The Railroad Spike…



Necessary for the completion of a plan.

It was created to be a part of something bigger. A small but necessary piece in history. Years of weather and abuse by countless numbers of trains passing over, yet it remained steadfast in its purpose. No storm, no train, and no hand of man can alter its original purpose, for its creator had only one idea in mind when he made it.



Weather Beaten

Tossed Aside

Most times overlooked.

Your Creator designed you with but one purpose. He fashioned you, He molded you, and He spoke life into you. No amount of time, no storms in life, and no hands of demons or man can alter your original purpose.

Be who He created you to be, and be only what He made you. HIS MOST PRECIOUS POSSESSION. HIS CHILD. HIS GIFT IN A PART OF HISTORY. Be who you are. Be out loud or in the secret places – only BE!  Just know… He who creates saw the end before you. He knows who you are and who you are to become. Be confident. Be strong, Be sharp, and Be necessary.

Be still and know… that “I AM”.


It took me a long time to understand what it meant to “be”. I kept thinking I was supposed to do something. I finally figured it out. I already was. I was everything I was supposed to be. I just had to believe in me. I had to stop seeing myself as I thought the world saw me, as I saw me, my distorted view. It was time to see me as God saw me. God doesn’t make any mistakes. He created what He desires for His purpose and in His time. I was who I was – not an accident, but put here with meaning and purpose. To accomplish something greater than. To speak for the voices of those who are in silence. To show a path to something Bigger than the pain. To let others know…


By the way – to this day I still have that railroad spike. I keep it in a drawer of a mantle clock this same friend bought me as a Christmas gift that same year. If you have ever been in this place, you will understand.

Kim M. Acosta is an adult survivor of child abuse and domestic violence. She is also a wife, mother, grandmother and is currently a student at Indiana Wesleyan University due to graduate Magna Cum Laude  with a BSW in December 2016. She is finishing out her field experience at an elementary school in Ohio where being a voice for the children is her passion. She joined NACSW  this summer.

Repenting of Religion

Mallory B.In the opening chapter of Repenting of Religion (2004) by Gregory A. Boyd, the author tells readers about an experience he had while sitting in a shopping mall. He began “people watching” as many of us often do. For every person that walked by, a thought went through his mind. Some positive, some negative. He caught himself and began to realize that he was attaching descriptions, characteristics, and titles on people he had never seen before in his life. Once he realized this, he immediately started talking to God right there in the mall. He shifted his thinking and began instead praying a blessing over each person that walked by. Boyd mentions in his Sunday sermons that this is an exercise he continues to practice to this day when he catches himself placing labels on those around him.

Boyd writes, “The only conclusion about other people that God allows us and commands us to embrace is the one given to us on Calvary: people have unsurpassable worth because Jesus died for them” (p. 107). As people pass us by, the one and only thing that we know about that individual is that Christ died for them. We don’t know their name, their history, or the struggles they face day to day, but we do know that they were worth Christ dying on the cross for. And if, in fact, this is the only true thing we know about that person, then what judgment can we pass?

The beautiful thing is that God does not command anywhere in the Bible that believers are assigned the duty of judgment. That is God’s role, and God’s role only. Rather than taking this on ourselves, we are able to take a deep breath and trust that God is working in the lives of everybody around us. We have the easy job of showing love and simply praying a prayer of blessing over each and every person we encounter. This exercise of praying a blessing over others helps to diminish our negative thoughts. It also paints a picture for us as we view them in God’s image and see the beauty of His creation. We should see others not as strangers, but as brothers or sisters in Christ whom God loves deeply.

This perspective is one that encourages me in my daily work. It reminds me about equality and keeping everybody on the same playing field. It reminds me to meet each individual where they are at, and to slow down in order to understand the obstacles they are facing. I am not to criticize or judge them, but rather assign them value and worth. I cannot look at myself and my own sin, and say that I am better or worse than another. Matthew 7:4 reads, “How can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when all the time there is a plank in your own eye?” (NIV). This mindset prepares me for difficult discussions. I pray that in my work I will embrace others with the same love that Jesus Christ has so graciously given me.

I’ll leave you with a verse from the book of Luke. “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.” (Luke 6:37, NIV). In your social work practice and in your personal lives, I encourage you to trust that God is working in the lives of others and shift any negative thoughts and judgments you may have into thoughtful prayers of blessing.

Mallory Birch, LSW, is Program Coordinator for the Salvation Army in Roseville, MN. She has been a member of NACSW since 2005, when she was a student at Trinity Christian College, and a student representative on NACSW’s Board of Directors for two years. This blog entry is a adaptation of an article which appeared in the January, 2014 issue of NACSW’s newsletter, Catalyst. 

Reference: Boyd, G. A. (2004) Repenting of Religion Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

Sharing thoughts for Christians in Social Work